Call your mortgage servicer right away. Your servicer is the company or bank you send your mortgage payments to every month. Do not stop making payments without talking to them.
You also have a mortgage lender. This may be different than your servicer. The lender owns your mortgage. If you don’t know who your lender is, ask your servicer. What rules apply to you depends on your lender.
For many loans, servicers have to offer you forbearance options if you ask for help because your income has been affected by the COVID-19 emergency. Forbearance means your payments are not due until the end of the forbearance period. A forbearance can be up to 12 months. You still owe all your mortgage payments for that time, but they can’t charge you late fees or report missed payments to the credit bureaus.
At the end of the forbearance period, you need to work with your servicer to start making payments again, and to deal with the payments you missed in the forbearance. There may be multiple options to catch up on your payments. Talk to your servicer before your forbearance ends.
If you ask for help, servicers have to offer forbearance options for the following types of federally-backed loans:
HUD Reverse Mortgage
If you have one of these loans and need a forbearance, contact your servicer and tell them that you are having financial hardship due to COVID-19. They should give you a forbearance without asking for documentation that proves your hardship.
When you can ask for a forbearance and how long a forbearance lasts depends on the kind of loan you have:
FHA/VA/USDA and HUD reverse mortgage loans:
You can ask for a COVID forbearance through September 30, 2021.
If you had your forbearance on or before June 30, 2020, you are eligible for up to 18 months of forbearance.
If you got your forbearance between June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2020, you are eligible for up to 15 months of forbearance.
If you got your forbearance between September 30, 2020 and June 30, 2021, you are eligible for up to 12 months of forbearance.
If you apply for and get a forbearance between July 1, 2021 and September 30, 2021, you are eligible for 6 months of forbearance.
Fannie Mae/Freddie Mac loans:
Currently, there is no deadline to ask for a COVID forbearance. BUT apply as soon as you have money issues. Don't wait until you miss a payment!
If you had your forbearance on or before February 28, 2021, you are eligible for up to 18 months of forbearance.
If you got your forbearance on or after March 1, 2021, you are probably eligible for up to 12 months of forbearance. This might change, check back for updates.
Private Bank Mortgages
If your mortgage is not a federally-backed mortgage like the ones listed above, it is owned by a private bank. If that is the case, your servicer does not have to offer forbearance options. But your servicer may voluntarily offer a forbearance or have other COVID-related options. Contact your servicer right away and ask for information and options directly from them.
How long foreclosures are suspended depends on what kind of mortgage you have. During the foreclosure suspension for your type of mortgage, your servicer cannot start a foreclosure, hold a foreclosure sale, or evict anyone after a foreclosure.
For Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac mortgages, foreclosures are suspended until July 31, 2021. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac: this is only for properties owned by Fannie and Freddie (real estate owned, or “REO” properties). In other words, this suspension does not apply to you if a third party bought your home at a foreclosure sale.
For FHA, USDA, VA, and HUD reverse mortgages, foreclosures are suspended until July 31, 2021.
Check back here for more updates as they come in.
Private Bank Mortgages
The Federal CARES Act does notapply to private bank mortgages. Contact your servicer or the foreclosing lawyer right away. They might have special programs for people who can’t pay their mortgage. Their contact information should be on any Notice of Foreclosure you got.
Governor Walz declared a Peacetime Emergency on March 13, 2020. The state Peacetime Emergency ended on July 1, 2021. Evictions in Minnesota were on pause during this emergency. If a foreclosure sale happened during the emergency, or if a redemption period expired during the emergency, an eviction could start.
Normally, not paying your property taxes or repayment plan can put you in danger of foreclosure. For reverse mortgages backed by the federal government and HUD, foreclosures and post-foreclosure evictions are suspended through July 31, 2021. Most reverse mortgages are backed by the federal government and HUD.
If you are having trouble making your property tax payments or repayment plan payments and your servicer is threatening to put your loan into "due and payable status," or if it is already in "due and payable status," you can ask for a forbearance. Forbearance means your payments are not due until the end of the forbearance period. You have until September 30, 2021 to ask your reverse mortgage servicer for a forbearance. If you had your forbearance on or before June 30, 2020, your forbearance can last up to 18 months. If you got your forbearance after June 30, 2020, you can get up to a 12 month forbearance.
Call Legal Aid if your servicer is refusing to do this for you.
The time right after the foreclosure sale is called the "redemption period." It can range from 5 weeks to 12 months, depending on your situation and what type of mortgage you had. You have the legal right to live in the home during the redemption period. Read more about this in our fact sheet, Your Rights in Foreclosure.
If the new owner (your mortgage servicer, bank, or a separate person or company that bought the home) files an eviction or serves you with papers call Legal Aid right away. We have lawyers that can answer your questions about your situation.
You may also be protected from eviction if you have a federally backed mortgage and the new owner of your home is the bank that had your mortgage.
For Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, FHA, USDA, VA, and HUD reverse mortgages, you are protected from post-foreclosure eviction through July 31, 2021.
BUT, the federal freeze on foreclosures does not yet apply to mobile or manufactured homes., This means if you are still buying the home, the seller can start a repossession action to take it back and force you out. This is true if you are buying the home from the mobile home park or somewhere else.
If you are buying your home from the park and can only pay for the home payment and not the rent, write clearly on your payment that the money is for the home payment and not the lot rent. If you pay in cash, give them a letter along with your payment saying that. Make sure it is on your receipt from them too.
Note: In order to repossess a manufactured home, a seller has to give 30 days’ notice before filing in court.