If you were getting disability benefits before you went to jail or prison, your benefits are suspended while you are incarcerated. What happens then depends on which type of disability benefits you were getting.
SSDI benefits - your payments will be suspended if you are convicted and imprisoned for 30 days or more. If your spouse or children gets SSDI payments on your Social Security account, those checks do not stop. No matter how long you are in jail or prison, your SSDI benefits won’t be terminated – they will just be suspended.
SSI benefits - your payments are suspended if you are in jail or prison for one full calendar month. This means you won’t get checks during the time you are in jail or prison. If you are in jail or prison for 12 full calendar months in a row, your SSI benefits are terminated. This means you have to file a new application to get your benefits turned back on. You have to reestablish (prove again) that you are disabled and that you meet the program’s financial requirements (have a low income).
The jail or prison should report to Social Security that you are there and when you are expected to be released. If Social Security does not know that you are in prison, they may keep sending your checks. Since you can’t get benefits when you are in jail or prison, you have to pay this money back. This is called an ‘overpayment’.
When your benefits start again, Social Security will keep part of each monthly payment until the overpayment is paid back.
The process of restarting benefits can take a while, but you can start the process up to 3 months before you are expecting to be released. How you restart your benefits depends on which type of benefits you used to get.
To restart SSDI benefits, find out your release date. Once you are within 3 months of your release date, your caseworker can help you contact Social Security with information about your upcoming release.
You can also call Social Security yourself at 1-800-772-1213 to report your release date. The person you speak to will give you further instructions.
On the day you are released, or as soon as possible after you are released, go to a Social Security office with identification and a document from the prison stating you have been released. This lets Social Security know you can start getting payments again. You need to give Social Security the address where you will be living.
The soonest you will get your first SSDI check is at the beginning of the first month after the month you are released.
Remember, SSI benefits that have been suspended for more than 12 months will be terminated. To restart terminated SSI benefits, you will have to reapply and prove again that you are disabled and that you meet the SSI financial eligibility requirements. Unlike with SSDI benefits, you can’t apply for SSI benefits until you are within 30 days of your release from prison. Ask your caseworker to help you file a new SSI application in the month before your release date.
If you have been in jail or prison for less than 12 months, and need to restart suspended SSI benefits, ask your caseworker to help you contact Social Security in the month before your release date with information about your release.
You can also call Social Security yourself at 1-800-772-1213. Or a friend or family member may visit a Social Security office for you.
When your disability benefits stop or are suspended, the same might happen to your health care benefits.
People getting SSDI get health care benefits from Medicare after they’ve received SSDI for 24 months (2 years). When your SSDI payments stop because you are in prison, your Medicare benefits will also be suspended. Your Medicare benefits will restart when you are released.
People getting SSI generally can get health care benefits under MA (Medical Assistance is MN’s version of Medicaid). MA cannot provide health care benefits to people in prison – except if you need to go to the hospital. When your SSI payments stop, your MA benefits will stop, too.
The jail or prison you are held in is supposed to help restart your MA coverage when you are about to be released. Ask your case manager to contact the county human services office in the county you will be living in to start the process of getting you MA again. Contact information for county human services offices can be found at the Minnesota Department of Human Services website, www.dhs.state.mn.us.