Tax Rules for Adoption, Foster Care and Relatives Raising Kids

Authored By
Education for Justice
The deadline to file tax returns has been extended to May 17, 2021

If I get money to take care of a child, does it count as income on my tax return?
The money you get for any of the following things, DOESN’T count as income on your taxes.

  • Cost of care payments
  • “Difficulty of care” payments (extra money you get if you care for a physically, mentally, or emotionally disabled foster children)
  • Adoption assistance that pays for child care
  • MFIP (Minnesota Family Investment Program), and SNAP (food stamps)
  • Caring for 10 or fewer children if the money comes from a for-profit child welfare agency that works under a contract with a government agency

You can use these payments to figure out the amount of the Minnesota Working Family Credits and the property tax refund.

The money you get for any of the following things is taxable and DOES count as income on your taxes.

  • Caring for more than 10 foster children
  • Keeping a bed available even if it is not used
  • Operating a group home
  • Caring for more than 5 people over the age of 19