You promise to give up loyalty to your native country. This can change your rights in that country. Each country has its own rules. Check with your native country about its rules. In your native country you may lose:
The right to vote
The right to own property there
These things may change:
Your custody rights to your children
Your right to enter your native country
You may need a permit to work in your native country after you are a U.S. citizen.
Have had your permanent resident card for 5 years. It is only 3 years if you are married to and have lived with a person who has been a U.S. citizen for at least 3 years or if you were approved for VAWA based on a marriage to a U.S. citizen (I-360 self-petition).
Live in the same state for more than 3 months.
Have good moral character.
Swear loyalty to the U.S.
Read, write and speak English and know some U.S. history and government. You may be able to skip the English or history tests – see below.
Even if you do not know English, do not give up. Take citizenship and English classes. Many classes are free. To find citizenship and English classes near you, call The Minnesota Literacy Council at 1-(800) 222-1990. Or go online to http://mnliteracy.org/.
Are 55 or older and have had your permanent resident card for 15 years, or
Are 50 years or older and have had your permanent resident card for 20 years.
You will still have to pass the U.S. history and government test, but you can do it in your own language.
If you are 65 years old and have had your permanent resident card for at least 20 years, you can take an easier history and government test, and you can do the citizenship interview in your own language.
If you cannot learn English, history or government because you have a medical condition, you can ask for a “waiver.” “Waiver” means that you do not have to do the interview in English and you do not have to take the history and civics test.
Have your doctor, psychologist, or osteopathic doctor fill out USCIS Form N-648. Call 1-(800) 870-3676 for a form. You can also get it online at www.uscis.gov. Type N-648 in the search bar.
Ask your doctor before you give them the form if your insurance will pay for this. Ask the doctor to say in detail what your medical condition is and how it keeps you from learning.
Yes. The fee is $725. If you cannot pay the fee, talk to a lawyer or paralegal. If you get federal benefits like MFIP or SSI, or if you have a low income or financial hardship you may be able to ask Immigration to file for free or pay a lower fee. See our Fact Sheet, Immigration Fee Waivers.
In August 2020, the USCIS made a new rule that significantly changes most fees and ends most fee waivers. The rule was stopped from going into effect in September but could start up at any time. Check https://www.uscis.gov/ for more information.